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Folder Land and Pastoralism Inaugural Meeting April 2018

Documents

1. Report on the Land Governance and Pastoralism Meeting 24th-25th April 2018  Published

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Report of the Land Governance and Pastoralism Meeting 24-6 April 2018.doc

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1. Report on the Land Governance and Pastoralism Meeting 24th-25th April 2018

Arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) dominate the landmass of IGAD region – form 60-70% of the total landmass. ASALs receive less than 600mm of rainfall per year and are susceptible to cyclical patterns of short and more persistent droughts. Pastoralism, an extensive and mobile rearing of livestock on communal rangelands, is the major livelihood and production system practiced in ASALs thereby employing a greater percentage of the population. Pastoralism involves mobility to access seasonally available pastures and water. There are also agro-pastoralists who are largely sedentary, combining livestock rearing with crop production.

AU Land Governance  Published

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AU_Land Governance.pptx

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AU Land Governance

A common Vision and, firm and shared Commitment by African nations and aspiration of African peoples for improved governance of land tenure and centrality of land in social and economic development.

Ethiopia Land use Policy and Land use planning  Published

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Ethiopia_Land use Policy and Land use planning.pptx

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Ethiopia Land use Policy and Land use planning

Land Policy of Ethiopia is already stipulated in the constitution Article 40 (3 )The right to ownership “Rural & Urban land as well as all natural resources belongs to the state & the people. Land is a common property of the nations, nationalities & peoples of Ethiopia & shall not be subject to
sale or to other means of transfer “

Ethiopia Pastoral Land Governance  Published

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Ethiopia_Pastoral Land Governance.pptx

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Ethiopia Pastoral Land Governance

60 % of the country’s land mass

Contributes US $1.53 billion per year, (6 % of the agricultural gross domestic product (Berhanu and Feyera, 2009).

However, Ethiopia’s rangeland systems are under threat: b/c of conversion of pastoral land and other reasons

Ethiopia Rangeland  Published

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Ethiopia_Rangeland.pptx

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Ethiopia Rangeland

The total grazing and browsing area in Ethiopia isabout 62 million hectares (about 60% of total land mass) of which 88% receive less that 600 mm rainfall per annum (Mortimore 1998, PFE 2009).

The pastoral system is the most appropriate management of range lands in Africa (Behnke, et al., 1993; Scoones, 1994)

Pastoralists/agro-pastoralists are the main range land users in these areas (about 15% of the total population)

Kenya LAND GOVERNANCE  Published

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Kenya_LAND GOVERNANCE.pptx

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Kenya LAND GOVERNANCE

Before 25th June, 2009, Kenya had no clearly defined National Land Policy

The existence of many land laws, some of which were incompatible led to complex land management and administrative system

It resulted in fragmentation of land parcels, disparities in landownership, deterioration in land quality, squatting and landlessness,tenure security and conflict among

Kenya Land use planning  Published

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Kenya_Land use planning.pptx

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Kenya Land use planning

Pastoralism is economic activity concerned with raising of livestock.
Rangelands open land mostly used for grazing.
Land and pastoralism are a critical issue in Kenya.
There are various tools that are used for securing the rights of pastoralist. They
include; national land use policy, Kenya’s vision 2030, National Spatial Plan,
Sessional paper No. 3 of 2009 National Land Policy

Kenya Rangeland  Published

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Kenya_Rangeland.pptx

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Kenya Rangeland

ASALs make up 89% of the country. Arid counties alone cover 70% and are home to 38% of the human population and 70% of the national livestock herd and 90% of the wild game that supports the country’s tourism industry.

Protocol on Transhumance April 2018  Published

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Protocol on Transhumance April 2018.ppt

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Protocol on Transhumance April 2018

Transhumance is the seasonal movement of pastoralists and their herds from their usual grazing areas in search of water and pasture

Pastoralism is a concept that plays within the nexus of rangeland livestock keeping system, climate variability, grazing land and water resources, and pastoral mobility

 

RPLRP Rangeland  Published

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RPLRP_Rangeland.pptx

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RPLRP Rangeland

To enhance livelihood resilience of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in cross-border drought prone areas of IGAD countries

It is a Regional Project (Ethiopia $75 million, Kenya $77 million & Uganda $40 million)

Focus on Pastoralism and cross-border areas

Sudan Land Governance and pastoralism in the Sudan  Published

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Sudan_Land Governance and pastoralism in the Sudan.pptx

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Sudan Land Governance and pastoralism in the Sudan

Mechanized rain-fed agriculture – this is performed in the central and eastern clay plain soils

Traditional rain-fed agriculture practiced extensively in the sandy soils of Darfor, Kordofan and White Nile states

Mechanized irrigation agriculture practiced in the schemes of ALjazera , Halfa Algadeda, Alrahad, Dalta Algash, Dalta tokar,Alsooke, Algened, Asalia, Kenana, Sennar and Khashm Algebra

Sudan Rangeland  Published

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Sudan_Rangeland.pptx

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Sudan Rangeland

Rangelands in Sudan defined as "Suitable land for growth of range plants, used and recognized between pastoralists, according to the approved maps".

Major source of feed for the national herd.Available rangelands area estimated as 68.6million hectares represents 35.6% of total country
area (FAO, 2012), represents herbaceous plants,shrubs trees categories.

Uganda Land Goverance  Published

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Uganda_Land Goverance.pptx

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Uganda Land Goverance

Land Governance is the process by which decisions are made regarding the access to and use of land, the manner in which those decisions are
implemented and the way that conflicting interests in land are reconciled.In Uganda Land Governance is provided for by the National Land Policy 2013 and the Land Act 1998 (Cap. 227) NEMA, Physical planning Act, Mining Act etc. The land regulations 2004,SDGs VGGTs

Uganda Land use Planning Policy, Tools  Published

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Uganda_Land use Planning Policy, Tools.pptx

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Uganda Land use Planning Policy, Tools

Pastoralism refers to the care, tending and use of animals such as camels, goats, cattle, and sheep.

It has a mobile aspect; moving the herds in search of fresh pasture and water (in contrast to pastoral farming, in which non-nomadic farmers grow crops and improve pastures for their livestock).

Uganda rangelands  Published

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Uganda rangelands.pptx

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Uganda rangelands

Cover 44% of the country’s total land area mainly in the “cattle corridor”, diagonal belt.

Vital socio-economiclandscape. Primary economic activity is raising livestock

Holds 80% of the national herd

Account for 85% of the milk and 95% of beef